The Jews expected that Elijah would appear before the Messiah came. See the notes at Matthew They supposed that it would be the real Elijah returned from heaven.
In this sense John denied that he was Elijah; but he did not deny that he was the Elias or Elijah which the prophet intended Matthew , for he immediately proceeds to state John that he was sent, as it was predicted that Elijah would be, to prepare the way of the Lord; so that, while he corrected their false notions about Elijah, he so clearly stated to them his true character that they might understand that he was really the one predicted as Elijah. That prophet - It is possible that the Jews supposed that not only "Elijah" would reappear before the coming of the Messiah, but also "Jeremiah.
Some have supposed, however, that this question has reference to the prediction of Moses in Deuteronomy Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary Elias—in His own proper person. They asked him if he were Elias. The Jews had not only an expectation of the Messias, but of Elias to come as a messenger before him, according to the prophecy, Malachi ; as appeareth, Matthew Mark ; of which they had a gross conception here, that Elias should come out of heaven personally, or at least that his soul should come into another body, according to the Pythagorean opinion.
Now the meaning of the prophecy was, that one should come like Elias; and this was fulfilled in John, Luke , as our Saviour tells us, Matthew Mark ; but they asked the question according to that notion they had of Elias. They go on, and ask him if he were that prophet, or a prophet. Some think that they meant the Prophet promised, Deu ; but that was no other than Christ himself, which he had before denied himself to be; nor doth it appear from any text of Scripture that the Jews had any expectation of any other particular prophet; but it is plain from Luke , that they had a notion that it was possible one of the old prophets might rise again from the dead, for so they guessed there concerning Christ.
6. Isaiah | eninmiforan.gq
But others think that the article in the Greek here is not emphatical, and they only asked him if he were a prophet; for the Jews had a general notion, that the spirit of prophecy had left them ever since the times of Zechariah and Malachi; which they hoped was returned in John the Baptist, and about this they question him if he were a prophet.
To which he answereth, No; neither that Prophet promised, Deu , nor yet any of the old prophets risen from the dead; nor yet one like the prophets of the Old Testament, who only prophesied of a Christ to come; but, as Christ calls him, Matthew , more than a prophet, one who showed and declared to them a Christ already come; for the law and the prophets prophesied but until John; the law in its types foreshowing, the prophets in their sermons foretelling, a Messiah to come; John did more.
His father indeed, Luke , called him the prophet of the Highest; but there prophet is to be understood not in a strict, but in a large sense, as the term prophecy is taken, Romans And the term prophet often signifieth one that revealeth the will of God to men; in which large sense John was a prophet, and yet more than a prophet in the stricter notion of the term; and in that sense no prophet, that is, no mere prophet: so, Numbers , Moses tells the people they should not eat flesh one, or two, or five, or ten, or twenty days, because they should eat it a whole month together. Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible And they asked him, what then?
Art thou that prophet? Jeremiah, whom some of the Jews t have thought to be the prophet Moses spoke of, in Deuteronomy and expected that he would appear about the times of the Messiah; see Matthew or any one of the ancient prophets risen from the dead, which they also had a notion of, Luke or, as it may be rendered, "art thou a prophet?
The God of Israel and the Nations
Tzeror Hammor, fol. Siphre in Jarchi in Jer.
Geneva Study Bible And they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias? And yet John denies that he is Elias, answering their question just as they meant it. In consequence of this denial, the next point was to inquire whether he was the Elias who, according to Malachi , was expected back from heaven as the immediate forerunner of the Messiah. So put, the question assumes it as certain that John must give himself out to be Elias , after he had denied that he was the Messiah.
John , and was not adopted by the interrogators here. Hofmann, Weissag u. It would agree with this, that John immediately gives an answer taken from Isaiah But if his interrogators had had in mind Isaiah 40 ff. Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges What then?
Malachi I am not ] A forger would scarcely have ventured on this in the face of Matthew , where Christ says that John is Elijah. But Christ is there speaking figuratively comp. Luke ; John is here speaking literally. He says he is not Elijah returned to the earth again.
This verse alone is almost enough to prove that the writer is a Jew. Who but a Jew would know of these expectations? Or if a Gentile chanced to know them, would he not explain them to his readers? John had said, I am not the Christ. Where is He? His revulsion to injustice erupted into a lethal attack on an Egyptian man he found beating a Hebrew worker.
We do not know exactly how long he lived there, but during that time he married and had a son.
The Setting within Genesis
In addition, two important things happened. The king in Egypt died, and the Lord heard the cry of his oppressed people and remembered his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob Exod.
This act of remembering did not mean that God had forgotten about his people. It signaled that he was about to act on their behalf. The account of how this happened comprises six elements that form a pattern evident in the lives of other leaders and prophets in the Bible. It is therefore instructive for us to examine this call narrative and to consider its implications for us today, especially in the context of our work.
First, God confronted Moses and arrested his attention at the scene of the burning bush Exod. A brush fire in the semi-desert is nothing exceptional, but Moses was intrigued by the nature of this particular one. This is a statement of availability, not location. Second, the Lord introduced himself as the God of the patriarchs and communicated his intent to rescue his people from Egypt and to bring them into the land he had promised to Abraham Exod.
Fourth, Moses objected Exod. Finally, God spoke of a confirming sign Exod. This is not a rigid formula, for many other call narratives in Scripture follow a different pattern. Notice that these callings are not primarily to priestly or religious work in a congregation. The Lord's question to Moses, "What is that in your hand? As Christians, we are called to work towards "shalom"—comprehensive flourishing—in everything we do.
Last month, Mark Labberton, the president of Fuller Seminary and our personal friend published an incredibly important In order to grow and maintain a clear sense of SoulPurpose for yourself, we believe you need five particular components